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Demons, also known as Devils or Fiends, are very common antagonists in a number of theological stories, mythologies, folklore, and fiction. They are considered either fallen angels, unclean spirits or degenerated lesser gods. Although the word now has an attachment to malevolence, it was originally a positive term for any spirit lesser than a deity in status, but higher than human.
Demons have confronted a number of significant figures in religions from across the world such as the Hindu Gods, Buddah (Buddha), Jesus Christ, and even God himself. Normally, it is believed that only faith can overcome these creatures, and they are attributed with a number of evil powers.
Outwith religion demons are seen as metaphors for natural disasters, affliction and cruelty, the most prominent of which are the "deadly sins" of Christian tradition. Demons are also used to describe inner-fears and anxieties found in the minds of all people, which is where the common expression "face one's demons" comes from.
Demons are similar to monsters in being frightening and against the natural order. Unlike monsters however, most demons are seen as a spiritual threat rather than a physical one and can possess humans, cause poltergeist activity, drive people insane, and much more.
Demons in the Bible are otherwise known as fallen angels.
They are led by their ruler Satan to oppose God's will on Earth by warring against His angels and followers. Their numerous offenses include influencing/possessing human beings into doing their evil works, spreading false doctrine and lies and producing the Nephilim, a monstrous race of giants. Those directly responsible for creating the Nephilim were imprisoned in Tartarus whilst others appeared to roam free. God eventually condemns to the Lake of Fire, along with their ruler. Examples of demons in the Bible include Legion and Beelzebub.
Temptation of Buddah
Japanese Mythology is full of spirits, some of which are considered malevolent in regards to mortals. Unlike Western mythology, Japanese spirits are not really good or evil, and are rather bizarre and often alien creatures whose methods and goals are often beyond the understanding of humans. Some of the more prominent demons in Japanese Mythology are the Onis and Tengus.
The Fomor from Celtic Mythology are often envisioned as evil spirits. Though they are technically titans, they share a lot in common with demons, however, in being ugly, malevolent, and residing in the ocean (which is often considered the home of evil spirits).
A Folk Devil is a common antagonist in folklore and myth, often envisioned as the classical satyr-like Devil of Christian lore (inspired by Pan of Greek mythology). A Folk Devil is often a trickster or tempter who is often tricked himself by a seemingly hapless would-be-victim.
Although Folk Devils tend to be defeated, their are some variations of the theme in which Folk Devils actually succeed in their plan. A Folk Devil can be seen, in many ways, as an extension of pagan beliefs in fairies and lesser-gods, which were gradually replaced by the "Devil" as Christianity spread across the world.
As Christianity spread, the old pagan beliefs were demonized, and their followers accused of being part of "Witchcraft Cults". In the minds of medieval scholars, the world was inhabited by evil-minded men and women who sold their souls to demons in exchange for power, and moral panics often broke out as communities believed they were under attack by these "witches", leading to terrible oppression (such as Witch-Hunts).
Prior to Christianity, many pagans believed in "fairies", who were lesser-gods or spirits of nature, as Christianity spread the idea that these lesser-gods and spirits were not in line with the strictly monothestic Abrahamic religions, and thus, the fairies were either declared to be angels, figments of the imagination, or evil spirits that existed to lead people astray. Like Baal and Pazuzu before them, the Fairies suffered a degeneration from lesser-gods and spirits to demons, though some particularly malevolent fairies (such as Redcaps) were always considered demons, even in pre-Christian societies (though they went by different names and appearances).
List Of Members
Prominent Demons in Mythology/Theology
- The Devil/Satan - chief of demons in Christianity.
- The Shaitan/Iblis - chief of demons in Islam
- Samael - an evil angel in Judaism.
- Belial - a crowned prince of hell.
- Lilith - the original wife of Adam turned succubus.
- Beelzebub - a high-ranking demon often confused with Satan.
- Baphomet - goat-headed demon who is heavily associated with the occult.
- Antichrist/King of Terror - the enemy of Jesus who is said to surface in the End of Days.
- The Beast - the "false prophet" and a vessel for Satan to enforce his will during the Apocalypse.
- Antichrist/King of Terror- a figure described as arriving and starting wars (another name for the Antichrist).
- Ravana - a powerful demon from Hindu mythology.
- Mara - chief spirit of evil in Buddhism.
- Surtur - a fire giant from Norse mythology.
- Mephistopheles - legendary devil from the tale of Faust.
- Mammon - embodiment of avaricious wealth/greed, often seen as a false idol.
Creatures Considered Demons
- Hags - evil witch-like beings in folklore/mythology.
- Imps - mischievous little spirits often considered low-ranking demons.
- Fallen angels - angels that have fallen from the grace of God (or similiar deity).
- Succubus - female spirits that seduce sleeping males.
- Incubus - male spirits that are accused of raping sleeping females.
- Poltergeist - "noisy spirit". Although a ghost, it can be seen as a demon by some.
Demons In Fiction
- Pazuzu - the main antagonist of The Exorcist series.
- Damien Thorn - the main antagonist of The Omen series.
- Chernabog - the main antagonist of Disney's Fantasia.
- Freddy Krueger - the main antagonist of the A Nightmare on Elm Street series.
- Rosemary's Baby - the unnamed main antagonist of Rosemary's Baby.
- Pennywise - the main antagonist of "IT".
- Demonic Toys - the titular main antagonists of the "Demonic Toys" series.
- Ghoulies - the titular main character antagonists of the "Ghoulies" series.
- Trigon - a powerful demon from DC universe and enemy of the Titans.
- Mephisto - a devil-like figure from Marvel comics.
- Kil'jaeden - the secondary main antagonist of the Warcraft series.
- Diablo - the titular main antagonist of the Diablo series.
- The Beldam - the main antagonist of Coraline.
- Odio - King of Demons and the mastermind behind all evil in Live A Live.
- Violator - The Arch-enemy of Spawn.
- Malebolgia - One of the primary antagonists of Spawn.
- Mammon- The version of Spawn.
- Satan- The Spawn version.
- Phlebiac Brothers - Violator's younger siblings.
- Bingo - a Demon from the Spawn comics.
- Hellion -A Demon from the Spawn comics.
- Hellspawn - a race of Demons made by Malebolgia and Violator.
- Thamuz - A demon from the Spawn comics.
- Ab - A demon from the Spawn Comics
- Zab -a demon from the Spawn comics.