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Fame's a fickle friend, Harry... celebrity is as celebrity does, remember that.
~ Lockhart giving Harry dubious advice.
The adventure ends here, boys. But don't fret. The world will know our story. How I was too late to save the girl. How you two tragically lost your minds at the sight of her mangled body. So, you first, Mr. Potter. Say goodbye to your memories. Obliviate!
~ Lockhart before unsuccessfully attempting to erase Harry and Ron's memories.

Gilderoy Lockhart is a minor antagonist in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets and its 2002 film adaptation of the same name.

He is a famous author and formerly Defense Against the Dark Arts professor at Hogwarts. He is also a fraud author who only sought fame.

In the movie, he was portrayed by Kenneth Branagh, who also portrayed Dr. Arliss Loveless in Wild Wild West, Viktor Cherevin in Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit, Iago in the 1996 version of Othello, Andrei Sator in Tenet, and A.O. Neville in Rabbit-Proof Fence.



On January 26, 1964, Gilderoy Lockhart was born to a witch as well as a Muggle man. He was the youngest of three children, with the remaining two being female Squibs. He was spoiled by his mother in his childhood, resulting in him becoming excessively vain. When Lockhart arrived at Hogwarts, he was anticipating his peers to be enthusiastic about his magical skill; he had seen himself as a genius, but no one saw him that way.

During his school time in Hogwarts, Lockhart was a brilliant and intelligent Ravenclaw with exceedingly high ambitions, the latter of which almost resulted in him being sorted into Slytherin. He claimed to his peers that, before he left Hogwarts, he would make the Philosopher's Stone. He also said that he planned to captain Britain's Quidditch team to World Cup glory, prior to becoming the U.K.'s most youthful Minister for Magic. He studied for renown and achieved infamy among his peers as well as the Hogwarts staff with various antics. Among said antics were begging the Headmaster to approve for a school newspaper (purely so he could see his own name in print), creating a spell that shot an image of his face into the sky akin to the Dark Mark, sending himself 800 Valentines (resulting in breakfast being cancelled due to the number of owl droppings and feathers in the porridge), and engraving his moniker into the Quidditch pitch; the latter example in particular resulted in him receiving a week's worth of detentions.

Following his graduation, which relieved the staff, Lockhart became a bestselling author. Becoming incredibly proficient in Memory Charms, he tracked down accomplished magic users and would then proceed to trick them into talking about their most remarkable achievements. Then, after erasing their memories, would take the credit for said achievements. He became famous by writing printed works about his "exploits", gaining awards along with invitations for book signings.

Lockhart's erstwhile schoolteachers came to the conclusion that they judged him incorrectly. Headmaster Albus Dumbledore, on the other hand, was doubtful of Lockhart's accomplishments as he personally knew several of his victims. He had the belief that putting him into a garden-variety school atmosphere would rightfully prove his guilt as a charlatan. With the position as Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher open by June 1992, Dumbledore approached Lockhart and offered him a line of work at Hogwarts. Lockhart was not intent on taking the job, because his career in writing was going through the ceiling. However, Dumbledore implied that teaching the famous Harry Potter would greatly increase Lockhart's renown. As a result, he accepted the position. When the Hogwarts staff questioned Dumbledore's decision to hire Lockhart, he only stated that there was a lot to learn from even an inadequate schoolteacher.

Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

By August 1992, Lockhart was officially the Defense Against the Dark Arts teacher of the 1992-1993 school year. He assigned seven of his books as textbooks and announced his new position while visiting Flourish and Blotts. Here, Lockhart first met Harry Potter and eagerly dragged the boy into the spotlight. He proceeded to take numerous pictures with Harry as well as sycophantically provide him with a set of his books. However, Harry gifted said set to Ginny Weasley. This is because the experience embarrassed him and he was able to afford his own set.

In his new position, Lockhart had taken over the DADA classroom and office with portraits of himself and copies of his books. He began the school year by issuing a lengthy quiz concerning his books, which only Hermione Granger achieved high marks on. He then unleashed Cornish pixies into the room. However, this caused a pandemonium, resulting in Lockhart fleeing to his office. He also forced Harry, Ron Weasley, and Hermione to tidy up the mess.

Lockhart once more became infamous among Hogwarts personnel via giving them unsolicited advice. Most students viewed him as unskilled as well as obnoxious. However, ignorant Muggle-borns as well as multiple schoolgirls were attracted to the DADA teacher.

Subsequent to the pixie incident, Lockhart spent the rest of the year reading excerpts from his books. He also hounded Harry Potter with acts like poorly healing his broken arm, requesting him to answer his fan mails, among others.

After Ginny Weasley was taken into the Chamber of Secrets, Lockhart planned to leave Hogwarts rather than coming to her aid. When Harry and Ron asked him to help them find her, he confessed his crookery. The duo then forced Lockhart down into the Corridor of Secrets as a test subject to see if they would survive the fall. Once in the Corridor, Lockhart seized Ron's wand and attempted to use a Memory Charm to erase their memories. Nonetheless, due to the wand being broken, the spell backfired rendering him completely amnesiac. He was later taken into St. Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries, much to the staff and students' happiness.

Some time later, Lockhart penned a final book called Who Am I?. It was either written by him or dictated and ghostwritten by another author.

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

3 years later, Lockhart was still in St. Mungo's, residing in the Permanent Resident Ward. He had recovered to the point of being able to write letters, though he still had no idea how he had ended up there and was only aware of some things about his past that the hospital's staff told him, like the fact he used to be a famous teacher. Harry, Ron, Hermione, and Ginny met Lockhart at St. Mungo's, while visiting Arthur Weasley, who had been injured by Nagini, and they were shocked to see him, being too focused on the recent events to remember that Lockhart was likely to be there, after his incident. While Ron felt guilty in some way about putting Lockhart in this situation, Harry wasn't, since Lockhart was at fault for erasing his own memories when he was trying to erase theirs.

As confirmed by J.K. Rowling, despite that Lockhart's condition got better a little and that he managed to retain some of his memories, he never fully recovered from the Memory Charm that backfired on him. However, he's fortunately known to be happier that way. Given that, it's likely that Lockhart spend the rest of his days at St. Mungo's, forgetful but felicitous.


Gilderoy Lockhart was an immoderately vainglorious, self-obsessed, egocentric, and narcissistic self-promoter who claimed to have accomplished multiple heroic deeds. However, in reality, he was nothing but a charlatan who took credit for other wizards and witches' achievements. He even claimed his winning of the Witch Weekly's Most Charming Smile Award five times in a row was more impressive than Harry Potter defeating Lord Voldemort. Lockhart also made claims and suggestions, whether about other's occupations or in times of danger in attempt to make himself look more important and powerful.

He rather frequently came up with fictitious concepts in the blink of an eye just to impress his admirers. His attempts to acquire more fame additionally led him to attempt spells without entirely understanding them (e.g. removing Harry's bones instead of mending them, and launching a snake into the air instead of making it vanish). Also, it has been speculated that he invented some non-existent incantations and spell names, like Peskipiksi Pesternomi, the Transmogrifian Torture, and the Homorphus Charm. In fact, a majority of his books contained numberless fabricated details to contribute to his ostensible feats. As part of his conceited nature, Lockhart was immensely proud of his books, and would always make reference to them whenever giving advice based on his so-called experience.

Lockhart's overbearing arrogance and insensitive suggestions rubbed most of his non-fans the wrong way. What's more, his unprofessional behavior earned him the disapproval of the Hogwarts faculty as well as a multiplicity of the students. Overall, Hogwarts viewed Lockhart as a joke. When he left due to memory loss, most if not all of the school was elated to see him go.

In addition, Lockhart seemed completely oblivious to other people's negative reactions to him or completely misinterpreted them. One time, he thought Ron was admiring his peacock quill when he was actually revolted. He ignored Harry's numerous attempts to contradict his theories of enjoying his company and attention, as well as him begging Lockhart to leave his broken arm alone; also completely failed to notice the rest of the faculty shooting daggers at him. After Hagrid was taken into custody, Lockhart asserted Hogwarts was safe from the monster of Slytherin and that extra security was unnecessary. Though almost immediately proven wrong, he stubbornly refused to retract his earlier claims, and continued to complain about how the extra security was tiring him out.

Despite his own books portraying him as fearless, Gilderoy was shown to be uncourageous when faced with true danger. He attempted to make a quick exit from Hogwarts when the other teachers pressured him into entering the Chamber of Secrets after Ginny Weasley's abduction. Even after the location of the Chamber's entrance was discovered, he was willing to leave Ginny Weasley to die, attempting to modify Harry and Ron's memories to cover himself.

Although Lockhart started out as a clever and very skilled student, being sorted into Ravenclaw house, he had a critical flaw in never trying in his studies (or anything) unless he was the very best of it, having been spoiled by his mother's overly affection and his own vanity. Even in his childhood, he already expected the students and teachers to greet him with admiration and excitement, as he deluded himself into thinking he is a genius above all others of undeserved rights, and was very disappointed and dulled when he was not given any special treatments. He studied not for education, but for attention and awards, and spent much of his time with annoying antics for fame that instead earned him a small notoriety. He was never an unskilled wizard, just a lazy one, and increasingly directed his talents to shortcuts and dodges; his gifts were wasted away, as the only spell he focused on was the Memory Charm. His abilities were eventually deteriorated beyond the point of recovery.

Despite his ineptitude in most other areas of magic due to long-term neglect and misuse, Lockhart was skilled in Memory Charms, it being the one spell he focused on for his entire life, and was conniving enough to deceive other wizards and witches to thoroughly reveal their work to him before erasing their memories and claim the credits for himself. He also appeared to have been a skilled writer, publishing many books consisting primarily of his embellishments of other people's achievements, taking credit for them as his own. Given his propensity for lying, however, it cannot be said for certain that Lockhart himself actually wrote any of the books. He also added many invented details in such feats to promote himself further, distorting facts with fictional concepts. Lockhart's fraudulent lifestyle has proven a certain degree of cunning, resourcefulness and disregard for rules, qualities that fall under the specifics of Slytherin, which he was narrowly able to avoid being sorted into.

On top of all his other flaws, Lockhart may have possessed a spiteful side. After learning from Hagrid that the gamekeeper hadn't read any of his books Lockhart was rather put out, and again when Hagrid told him Harry Potter was more famous than Lockhart without trying. After Hagrid's arrest, Lockhart blatantly claimed to be certain that Hagrid was truly guilty. Then again, it is unknown whether this was an actual hint of malice or just another sign of Lockhart's ignorance.

After losing his memory, however, Lockhart became an exceedingly nicer, happier, and humbler person even if he didn't particularly know it. Upon seeing Harry and Ginny after the spell hit him, he said hello to them very cheerfully and spent most of the time humming to himself absentmindedly. When addressed as Professor, he expressed surprise at the idea and remarked that he must have been hopeless at it without any reluctance at all. Despite forgetting his desire for fame and attention, he still enjoyed signing autographs and responding to fan letters, a trait that Harry noted remained unchanged.

Powers and Abilities

Gilderoy Lockhart was naturally gifted in the magical arts during his younger years. Despite detesting his attention-seeking tendencies, Lockhart's teachers acknowledged he possessed prodigious ability, intellect, and potential to become an excellent wizard. However, his magical capabilities became rusted and diminished due to his focus on Memory Charms, as well as years of mismanagement, overconfidence, and neglect. Indeed, his stardom was entirely dependent on using Memory Charms to steal knowledge from accomplished wizards and witches of how to attain exceptional feats. While he did retain some of his magical abilities and displayed some adeptness in some fields of magic (potentially acquired from his journey), Lockhart's significantly diminished magical prowess ultimately led to his downfall. When he lost his memories, he lost all of his abilities, save for his penmanship and renown.

  • Charms: Lockhart's most prominent area of expertise seemed to be Charms; he retained a good amount of adroitness in it even after losing plenty of his erstwhile magical brilliance. He was particularly gifted with the Memory Charm which he spent years perfecting. Lockhart was eventually able to cast it flawlessly no matter the circumstance, even managing to do so to accomplished wizards and witches upon catching them off-guard. Indeed, he was able to perform the spell even with a wand he had not yet mastered. His talents and skills in Charms were great enough to be capable of conjuring a non corporeal Patronus, a very advanced piece of magic. He was additionally capable of performing a charm that sent the target flying high into the air. However, while he could adequately perform simple, minor enchantments and could thoroughly educate his students on how to use them, it is improbable that he could perform more complex charms.
  • Nonverbal Magic: While Lockhart had lost a lot of his initial magical brilliance and his spells consequently rarely worked out the way he wanted them to, he could cast spells without having to speak them out loud was very difficult N.E.W.T. level magic. His ability to produce any effect by wordless spellcasting at all seem to indicate that he could have still honed his magical ability and lived up to his potential as a wizard had he put his mind to it. He lost this alone with his other powers after losing his memory.
  • Potions: Lockhart had at least sufficiently adequate abilities and knowledge in Potions with presumably some years of experience, as he was capable of creating his own basic brews. For instance, he once created an Occamy egg yolk shampoo that would give the drinker shiny locks of hair. This was also one of the very few things that he made that proved to be true but it was too dangerous and expensive for the open market. His claims, however, that he had made the Mandrake Restorative Draught so many times that he could do it in his sleep were likely false.
  • Defense Against the Dark Arts: It can be assumed that Lockhart was once excellent in Defense Against the Dark Arts. After all, he would have had to achieve a good score on his N.E.W.T Exam as required to be able to be a teacher (even though Dumbledore only hired him to expose his dupery). Although he clearly lost most of his once presumably outstanding defensive abilities against the Dark Forces, Lockhart had apparently kept some of them. What is more, his journeys gave him a sufficiently adequate of experience and expertise in how to defend from the Dark Forces. This is evidenced by the fact that he did not attract suspicion while he was an honorary member of the Dark Force Defensive League. While not particularly competent as a teacher of the Defense Against the Dark Arts, he was still able to teach his class on how to use Rictusempra, Petrificus Totalus and Verdimillious Duo Spell to defend themselves effectively. In fact, even Harry Potter admitted Lockhart did teach him how to use those spells quite well. It appears that Lockhart's particular area of expertise in the subject was how to defend from Dark Creatures due to talking to accomplished wizards and witches on how they subdued dangerous monsters. Although he clearly lacked the ability to handle them the way he wrote it in his books, they were good enough to be deemed fantastic. Lockhart's books also fooled the majority of the Wizarding World who read them until he revealed he could not do the means he wrote in his books. However, his claims that he had seen the use of the Transmogrifian Torture Curse being done countless times and knew the countercurse for it was likely false. Moreover, the curse and the countercurse may not even have existed in the first place and were merely lies.
  • Magizoology: Lockhart displayed a rather surprisingly impressive amount of knowledge on magical creatures. While he is incompetent in dealing with them practically (in particular Cornish Pixies), he genuinely acquired a good amount of knowledge on how to understand them. His books covered various dark and dangerous creatures, including Ghouls, Banshees, Hags, Vampires, Werewolves, Trolls and Yetis. Whilst his experiences with them were all entirely fabricated, Lockhart still had a reasonably good understanding of such creatures. His books on house pests was deemed to be very good, earning him praise from housewives such as Molly Weasley. He also authorized the book Marauding with Monsters that provided accurate and thorough knowledge on how to handle Horklumps, Gnomes, Fire Crabs, Gytrashes, and Imps.
  • Healing Magic: Lockhart had a mediocre amount of knowledge and ability in Healing Charms, as he attempted to use a spell to mend Harry's broken arm when Dobby made a Bludger attack him. It may be assumed that Lockhart may have specialized in Deboning, as he successfully removed all of Harry's bones and thought by relieving him of his bones, he would feel less pain. However, Lockhart's abilities in this field were clearly limited. This is because (as implied earlier), instead of healing Harry's bones, he vanished them completely. He also said this is something that could happen if the user had not sufficient skill.
  • Flying: Lockhart played on the Ravenclaw Quidditch team as Seeker during his Hogwarts years. This indicates he was a talented broomstick flyer and Quidditch player at the time. That being said, it was never revealed if he still possessed his flying talent as an adult, as he neglected the preponderance of his magical abilities.
  • Intelligence: Lockhart was known to be very clever as a student. He was sorted into the Ravenclaw House, which requires a good amount of intelligence. Despite his teachers being annoyed by his constant troublemaking and attention-seeking antics, they still acknowledged him as being cleverer than most of his fellow students and he got good marks on his academic tests and homework. As an adult, upon fully graduating, the full extent of Lockhart's cunning and resourcefulness (which also nearly made him a Slytherin) was shown in his journey for fame. He was capable of easily deceiving the whole magical community apart from Dumbledore that he had exceptional bravery and abilities. It was only because Dumbledore decided to expose Lockhart via luring him into taking a position as a Hogwarts teacher (which he did poorly) that he lost his fame and his fraudulence was revealed.
  • Acting: Lockhart was also quite adept in acting and deceiving others, as he was able to fool the wizards and witches whose heroic deeds he used as a basis for his books to tell him thoroughly how they achieved their feats so he can pretend that he did it perfectly before modifying their memory and making them forget. His acting skills also contributed in his ability to completely hide his fraudulence and ineptitude in most fields of magic from almost all of the Wizarding World with his tall tales, making him famous worldwide, with only Dumbledore seeing through Lockhart's facade. This puts his acting skills on-par with some other wizards known for this including Snape. The fact that he fooled those who are more gifted than him further supports this.
  • Author: One of Lockhart's most considerable skills was that he was an incredibly accomplished author, the position he chose following his graduation at Hogwarts. His aptitude for writing allowed him to completely conceal both his magical incompetence as well as trickery to the general public by claiming credit in his books for other witches' and wizards' feats. Indeed, numerous Hogwarts students as well as the the Wizarding World in general originally admired Lockhart. Only when he revealed his obnoxious and attention-seeking personality, and while teaching Defense against the Dark Arts, were his ineptitude and fraudulence gradually exposed, which the disbelieving Albus Dumbledore exploited to expose Lockhart. Even following the loss of his memories, Lockhart still retained some of his writing skills despite his popularity having fallen. This was displayed when he wrote and published the book Who Am I?. Lockhart did admit to Harry and Ron that if the public knew that he is not the hero he wrote himself as, his books would not have sold half as well as they did. This shows that he knows that the people are not simply interested in reading what they would know to be fiction.


Let me introduce you to your new Defence Against the Dark Arts Teacher... Me! Gilderoy Lockhart, Order of Merlin, Third Class, Honourary Member of the Dark Force Defence League, and five-time winner of Witch Weekly's Most Charming Smile Award - but I don't talk about that. I didn't get rid of the Bandon Banshee by smiling at her!
~ Gilderoy Lockhart intorducing himself during his first Defence Against the Dark Arts class.
Harry: "Are you going somewhere?"
Gilderoy: "Um, well, yes. Urgent call, unavoidable. Got to go..."
Ron: "What about my sister?"
Gilderoy: "Well, as to that... Most unfortunate. No one regrets more than I..."
Ron: "You're the Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher. You can't go now."
Gilderoy: "Well I must say, when I took the job, there was nothing in the job description about-"
Harry: "You're running away, after all that stuff you did in your books?"
Gilderoy: "Books can be misleading."
Harry: "You wrote them!"
Gilderoy: "My dear boy, do you use your common sense? My books wouldn't have sold half as well if people didn't think
I'd done all those things."
Harry: "You're a fraud! You've just been taking credit for what other wizards have done!"
Ron: "Is there anything you
can do?"
Gilderoy: "Yes, Now that you mention it, I'm rather gifted with Memory Charms. Otherwise, you see, all those wizards would have gone blabbing, and I'd never have sold another book. In fact, I'm going to have to do the same to you."
Harry: "Don't even think about it."
~ Gilderoy Lockhart revealing his true colors.


  • Originally, Gilderoy Lockhart was going to be played by Hugh Grant, but he was unable to due to scheduling conflicts. Coincidentally, one of Grant's middle names is "Mungo". Other actors who were offered the role were Alan Cumming (who refused upon learning he would be making less money than Rupert Grint and Emma Watson), Rupert Everett and Jude Law (who was deemed too young for the part and would go on to portray Albus Dumbledore in the Fantastic Beasts series). Jason Isaacs (who plays Lucius Malfoy) originally auditioned for the role.
  • In the Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets film, Lockhart has a photo of himself as a Ravenclaw Seeker. However, he most likely forged it, considering his history of creating fake exploits.
  • Originally, in the earlier drafts of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix film, Lockhart would have reappeared like in the book, with Kenneth Branagh reprising his role. He was ultimately cut from the movie because it would have been required to build another set for the St. Mungo scene.
  • Since he attended Hogwarts from 1975 to 1982, he would have been at Hogwarts at the same time as Lily Evans, Severus Snape and the Marauders, which could partially explain Snape's disdain towards him.
  • Lockhart is inspired by a real person J.K. Rowling knew for two years. She has not revealed who this person is, but she claims to have barely exaggerated his personality on Lockhart. Some people assume that Lockhart was based on Rowling's ex-husband, but she has stated that he wasn't.
  • The film iteration of Lockhart has his worst character traits toned down to be more likable and comical, owing to his willingness to clear Harry from Snape's insinuations regarding his supposed involvement in Mrs. Norris' petrification, citing Snape that Harry was in detention with him, possibly because of Lockhart's useless classes and his most annoying treatment of Harry were cut from the film. His fraudulence and willingness to let Ginny die in the Chambers, however, still preserves him as detestable as much as in the book.
  • Kenneth Branagh was offered the chance to direct Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban; had he accepted, he would have directed his ex-wife Emma Thompson (who played Professor Sybil Trelawney).


           HarryPotter.png Villains

Death Eaters
Lord Voldemort | Severus Snape | Draco Malfoy | Lucius Malfoy | Peter Pettigrew | Barty Crouch Jr. (Warner Bros.) | Bellatrix Lestrange | Corban Yaxley | Alecto Carrow | Amycus Carrow | Antonin Dolohov | Augustus Rookwood | Walden Macnair | Thorfinn Rowle | Evan Rosier | Cedric Diggory | Fenrir Greyback | Stan Shunpike | Avery II

Death Eater Supporters
Quirinus Quirrell | Dolores Umbridge | Snatchers (Scabior) | Gregory Goyle | Vincent Crabbe | John Dawlish | Kreacher

Muggle-Born Registration Commission
Dolores Umbridge | Corban Yaxley | Albert Runcorn | Mafalda Hopkirk

Gellert Grindelwald's Alliance
Gellert Grindelwald | Credence Barebone | Vinda Rosier | Queenie Goldstein | Gunnar Grimmson | Abernathy | Krall | Carrow | Nagel | Krafft | MacDuff

Other Wizards & Witches
Salazar Slytherin | Morfin Gaunt | Marvolo Gaunt | Merope Gaunt | Gilderoy Lockhart | Cornelius Fudge | Herpo the Foul | Merwyn the Malicious | Ekrizdis | Delphini | R | Patricia Rakepick | Merula Snyde | Ismelda Murk | Emily Tyler | Gormlaith Gaunt | Corvus Lestrange | Raczidian

New Salem Philanthropic Society
Mary Lou Barebone | Credence Barebone

Basilisk | Acromantula (Aragog & Acromantula Colony) | Dementors | Centaurs | Giants | Inferi | Nagini | Mountain Troll | Gnarlak

Tales of Beedle the Bard
Charlatan | Death | Warlock

The Dursleys (Vernon Dursley | Petunia Dursley | Dudley Dursley | Marge Dursley)