Han Xuan is a major antagonist in the 14th-century Chinese classic novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by the late Luo Guanzhong, and its multiple adaptations. He is the tyrannical Governor of Changsha.
Han Xuan's description is completely different from the real history. He is described as a cruel, arrogant person who does not participate in auspicious events, does not make sacrifices, and is generally hated by his people. Despite this, Liu Biao still made him the mayor of Changsha because of the shortage of talent in Jingzhou. He retained his position for three years until Liu Biao became ill and died. Han Xuan remained neutral in the conflict between Liu Cong and Liu Qi until he declared independence and once again named himself Governor of Changsha.
After Cao Cao defeated Chibi, Liu Bei invaded Nanjing and occupied Wuling, Lingling and Guiyang. Liu Bei then sent Guan Yu to capture Changsha. Han Xuan ordered his general Huang Zhong to meet with Guan Yu in the battle, but after a short battle, Huang Zhong's horse was smashed, but he was ordered by Guan Yu, who ordered his men to retreat. The next day, Han Xuan gave Huang Zhong a new horse and suggested that he use his archery to defeat Guan Yu. However, Huang Zhong recalled the goodwill of Guan Yu and only shot him into the helmet.
Because of this, Han Xuan doubted Huang Zhong and believed that he had an alliance with Guan Yu. Therefore, he ordered Huang Zhong to execute the death penalty. Before the execution of the death penalty, Wei Yan united the people of Changsha and the insurgents, eventually killing Han Xuan in the process. After the latter submitted to Liu Bei, he was then buried by Huang Zhong.
- Historically, he was quite the opposite of his depiction in the novel.