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King Edward I of England is the main antagonist of the 1995 Mel Gibson-directed film, Braveheart. He was nicknamed "Longshanks" for his height over 6 feet.
He was depicted as a ruthless, tyrannical, psychopathic and magisterial control freak, willing to oppress Scotland to have total control over Great Britain. He was also shown to be emotionally and physically abusive to his son, Prince Edward, Prince of Wales, murdering his supposed lover in front of his eyes, beating him right after when the prince rebels and insulting him when he was crying on the ground.
He does not care about his own troops, seeing them as expendables and ordering his archers to fire at them when they fight the Scots. He is also a misogynist because he installs Primae Nocte on Scotland, allowing Scottish women to be raped by English nobles. The fact he smiles at Isabella during his proclamation of that rule shows he is sadistic.
But he is pragmatic enough to allow Isabella to be a member of his court since he has no other choice because she is much more fitted to rule than his son.
When Longshanks learns of William Wallace's rebellion, he orders to his son, Prince Edward, to stop Wallace by any means necessary. But, Wallace and his army out victorious at the Battle of Stirling and then sacks the city of York, killing Longshanks' nephew and sending his decapitated head to Longshanks.
Worried by the threat of the rebellion, Longshanks sends his daughter-in-law, Isabella of France to try to negotiate with Wallace, hoping that Wallace will kill her and thus draw her father, the French king, to declare war on Wallace. But Wallace refuses the bribe sent with Isabella by Longshanks. Then Longshanks prepares an army to invade Scotland and stop Wallace's rebellion once for all.
Warned of the coming invasion by Isabella, Wallace implores the Scottish nobility to take immediate action to counter the threat and take back the country. Leading the English army himself, Longshanks fights Wallace's army at the Battle of Falkirk where noblemen Lochlan and Mornay betray Wallace. The Scots then lose the battle, and Morrison and Campbell, two friends of Wallace, die at the battle.
Wallace then charges toward the departing Longshanks on horseback, to try to kill the king, but he is intercepted by one of the king's lancers, who turns out to be Robert the Bruce, a nobleman and friend of Wallace. Remorseful, Robert gets Wallace to safety before the English can capture him.
Longshanks later loses his voice as his health seriously deteriorates and dies in his bed at the end of the film.
Edward I was ironically the first post Norman conquest King of England who could speak fluent English. Even so French was his first language as it was with his predecessors as King.
Although he had a reputation for being ruthless and short tempered in real life, the negative traits of King Edward I were exaggerated in Braveheart. He never allowed the practice of Prima Nocta (which was never practiced at any point in time in the British Isles), he would not have objected to Princess Isabella giving the bribe money intended for Wallace to the poor (since he himself regularly gave generously to the needy and to the Church) and he never personally murdered any of his subordinates (although he did physically assault them and once even caused one to die of a heart attack after berating him severely). His physical abuse of his son Prince Edward is however historically accurate.
In real life Edward I died several years after Wallace's execution of dysentery while leading yet another invasion of Scotland.
In real life Edward I married a French Princess, Margaret, who was 40 years his junior. The character of Isabella in the movie Braveheart is likely based more on her than on the real life Isabella, who was a child at the time the movie took place.