Lich is an old English word for "corpse"; the gate at the lowest end of the cemetery where the coffin and funerary procession usually entered was commonly referred to as the Lich Gate. This gate was quite often covered by a small roof where part of the funerary service could be carried out.
A lich is originally a witch or wizard who utilized a form of necromancy or other form of dark sorcery to attain an eternal life, often by binding his/her soul upon an object dubbed "phylactery" and thereby achieving a form of immortality. Because of his/her transformation, the lich's body becomes cadaverous, desiccated or completely skeletal as result of being freed from mortal weaknesses and limtations.
Rather than mythological accounts, the lich is developed from monsters found in earlier classic sword and sorcery fiction, which is filled with powerful sorcerers who use their magic to triumph over death. Several stories by Robert E. Howard, such as the novella Skull-Face (1929) and the short story "Scarlet Tears", feature undying sorcerers who retain a semblance of life through mystical means, their bodies reduced to shriveled husks with which they manage to maintain inhuman mobility and active thought. Sauron, the well-known Dark Lord from The Lord of the Rings series by J.R.R. Tolkien, is an example of Lich since he imprinted his essence onto One Ring which allowed him to survive his physical death.
Adventure TimeIn Adventure Time, there is a lich in the 2-part minute finale on the second season and fourth season as an antagonist. He makes appearances in five episodes. The lich makes his debut in "Mortal Folly".
Rasputin from 20th Century Fox is depicted as a lich who is the main villain of the film. He cannot die until Anastasia's family has been killed.
Dungeons and Dragons
The lich is an enemy encountered in the Dungeons & Dragons game. It is one of the best known sources of this monster in the game, Dungeons & Dragons. It has removed its soul and stored a repository of some kind.
Gauntlet: Dark Legacy
The lich is the final boss in the Forsaken Province in this video game. It is the first boss encountered in the video game, Gauntlet: Dark Legacy. One must be at least Level 20 to kill it.