Villain Overview
Whatever. I’m not impressed! Time for a real leader to step to the plate!
~ Ludwig
Incoherent insect!! Idiotic imbecile! You and everyone you care for will pay dearly for making a fool of me!!
~ Ludwig
I’ve been waiting, Mario! I designed this weapon specifically for you. I think you’re gonna LOVE it. Gaze upon its glory! Cower in fear of its might!
~ Ludwig

Ludwig von Koopa (or Kooky von Koopa) is the eldest and supposed leader of the seven Koopalings, and a recurring antagonist in the Super Mario Bros series. He is traditionally the seventh and final Koopaling fought in most Mario games, with a few exceptions such as Super Mario World or Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga.

He is voiced by David J. Goldfarb.


Super Mario Bros. 3

Ludwig is the seventh Koopaling to be fought. Like his brother Roy, he causes a destructive earthquake when he lands. He must be jumped on three times to defeat him. Ludwig turned the king of Pipe Land into a Piranha Plant, but was defeated by Mario and Luigi in his airship, and ran off. In the SNES game Super Mario All Stars, which had remakes of all three NES games and lost levels of Super Mario Brothers, he turns the Pipe Land king into a dinosaur reminiscent of Yoshi.

Super Mario World

Ludwig is the fourth Koopaling to be fought, at the Twin Bridges. His fighting style is different from those of the other Koopalings, but like all of them except for Larry and Iggy, he must be jumped on three times to defeat him. He is fought in the biggest battle arena in the game, resembling a bridge above lava. Once defeated, he spirals into the distance and explodes in a puff of smoke.

Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga

Like previously destroyed members of the Koopa Troop, Ludwig returned in another game. This time, however, he did not work for Bowser, but the one possessing him: Cackletta. Like in Super Mario World, he was the fourth to fight Mario and Luigi, and was defeated. Afterwards, he apparently dies and disintegrates like the other defeated enemies.

Super Princess Peach

Ludwig was going to appear in Super Princess Peach (as were his siblings, except Bowser Jr.), but the decision was dropped, though after sprites were created for all of them.

New Super Mario Bros. Wii

For the first time, the Koopalings and Bowser Jr. appear together in a game. Like in Super Mario Bros. 3, Ludwig is the last Koopaling to be fought. Kamek uses his magic to make three platforms in the room rise, to which Ludwig's shell attack is not a threat (if Mario can jump to a different platform), Mario, Luigi, or the Toads will fall to their deaths if they fall off the platforms. It is Ludwig who falls over the edge when Mario jumps on him three times. Ironically, he survived what should have been a fatal fall, as he is seen in the ending sequence with Bowser, Bowser Jr., and the other Koopalings, though Bowser's castle falls on top of all of them.

New Super Mario Bros. 2

Ludwig is the main antagonist of New Super Mario Bros. 2 alongside his fellow Koopalings and Bowser and is once again the final Koopaling to be fought (though Larry and Lemmy can optionally be fought after him). Ludwig is the apparent ringleader behind the kidnapping of Princess Peach, evident by the fact he controls the Koopa Clown Car throughout the game. When fought, he flutter jumps on chains hanging on the ceiling and fires multiple magical fireballs at Mario, who must use cannons to knock Ludwig off the chain. He and the Koopalings later fall into a pool of lava after accidentally being knocked over by Bowser, who the Koopalings magically enlarged, but survive. They are later seen rescuing Bowser, only to lose control of the Clown Car due to Bowser's weight and crash land, with Ludwig lying on the ground sulking.

Mario Kart 8


Ludwig as well as all of the other Koopalings made their first appearance as playable characters in Mario Kart 8. He and Iggy are the only two Koopalings to be in the upper medium class. He is voiced by David J. Goldfarb in this game, who gives Ludwig a higher pitched voice.

Super Smash Bros. Series

Ludwig von Koopa (SSB4)

Ludwig von Koopa as Bowser Jr.'s alternate costume in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS.

Ludwig has has been used as a alternate costume for Bowser Jr in Super Smash Bros. For 3DS, Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.


  • Ludwig's name and hairstyle are derived from the composer Ludwig van Beethoven. However, according to Nintendo, the Koopalings (including Ludwig) designs were based on Super Mario Bros. 3's design team.

See Also


           TheMario Villains

Koopa Troop
Bowser | Baby Bowser | Count Koopula | Bowser Jr. | Captain Goomba | Chain Chomps | Chauncey | Koopalings: (Larry Koopa | Morton Koopa Jr. | Wendy O. Koopa | Iggy Koopa | Roy Koopa | Lemmy Koopa | Ludwig Von Koopa) | Kamek | Toadies | Kammy Koopa | King Boo | King Bob-omb | Petey Piranha | Gobblegut | Torkdrift | Goombas | Boos | Piranha Plants | Blarggs | Burt the Bashful | Salvo the Slime | Roger the Potted Ghost | Red & Blue Goomba | Goomba King | Koopa Bros | Tutankoopa | Tubba Blubba | Shy Guys | General Guy | Lava Piranha | Huff N. Puff | Crystal King |

8 Bit Club
Wart | Mouser | Tryclyde | Birdo | Shy Guys

Secret Society of X-Nauts
Sir Grodus | Lord Crump | Shadow Sirens | Doopliss | Shadow Queen

Elder Princess Shroob | Princess Shroob | Sunnycide

Count Bleck's Minions
Count Bleck | Nastasia | O'Chunks | Mimi | Dimentio | Mr. L

Smithy Gang
Smithy | Exor | Mack | Bowyer | Yaridovich | Axem Rangers | Blade | Boomer | Count Down | Cloaker | Domino | Clerk | Manager | Director | Factory Chief

King K. Rool | Kremling Krew | Kritters | Klump | Krusha | Krunch | Klubba

Antasma | Army Dillo | Belome | Best Fitness Friends | Big Guy the Stilted | Black Jewel | Bonechill | Booster | Bouldergeist | Brobot | Broodals | Bugaboom | Cackletta | Chuckolator | Cloud N. Candy | Cookatiel | Cortez | Cosmic Mario | Count Bleck's Father | Count Cannoli | Crazy Kong | Croco | Culex | Dark Star | Dino Piranha | Dodo | Donkey Kong | Donkey Kong (Mario VS Donkey Kong) | Draggadon | Eely-Mouth | Fawful | Foreman Spike | Francis | Giga Lakitu | Glamdozer | Gloomtail | Gooper Blooper | Grouchy Possessor | Grubba | Harsh Possessor | Hisstocrat | Hooktail | Hot Roderick | Jojora | Jr. Troopa | Kaptain Skurvy | Kent C. Koopa | King Croacus | King Kaliente | Lena | Madame Broode | Major Burrows | Mario | Mechawiggler | MegaBug | Midbus | Mizzter Blizzard | Mollusque-Lancuer | Nabbit | Necky | Overset Possessor | Peewee Piranha | Peps | Phantamanta | Popple | Portrait Ghosts: (Neville | Chauncey | Bogmire | Biff Atlas | Boolossus | Sir Weston | Vincent Van Gore) | President Koopa | Prince Pikante | Rabbids: (Phantom of the Bwahpera | Rabbid Kong) | Rawk Hawk | Ricky | Rollodillo | Rudy the Clown | Ruined Dragon | Sabasa | Shadoo | Shake King | Shrewd Possessor | Skellobits | Smorg | Squizzard | Tatanga | Three Little Pigheads | Tolstar | Topmaniac | Tough Possessor | Tower Power Pokey | Valentina | Viruses | Waluigi | Wario | Watinga | Whomp King | Wigglers | Wingo | Wracktail | Wizpig | Yellow Belly/Helio


Big Bad Wolf | "Crime Wave" Clyde | King Koopa | Robot Princess | Wizardheimer

            Bro Villains

Subspace Army
Ancient Minister | Bowser | Duon | False Peach | False Zelda | Galleom | Ganondorf | Goombas | King Statue | Master Hand | Petey Piranha | Primids | Rayquaza | Ridley | Porky Minch | Tabuu | Wario

World of Light
Dharkon | Dracula | Galeem | Galleom | Ganon | Giga Bowser | Master Hand | Marx |

Playable Characters
Bowser | Bowser Jr. | Dark Pit | Dark Samus | Donkey Kong | Ganondorf | Incineroar | King Dedede | King K. Rool | Koopalings (Larry, Roy, Wendy, Iggy, Morton, Lemmy, Ludwig) | Meta Knight | Mewtwo | Piranha Plant | Ridley | Wario | Wolf O'Donnell

Dark Emperor | Dharkon | Dracula | Duon | Galeem | Galleom | Ganon | Giga Bowser | Marx | Master Hand | Master Core | Metal Face | Petey Piranha | Porky Minch | Rayquaza | Ridley | Tabuu | Yellow Devil

Assists Trophies and Poké Ball Pokémon
Andross | Arceus | Black Knight | Burrowing Snagret | Chain Chomp | Darkrai | Dark Samus | Deoxys | Entei | Elec Man | Ghirahim | Giratina | Ghosts | Gray Fox | Klaptrap | Kyurem | Metroid | Meowth | Mimikyu | Mother Brain | Lord Nightmare | Phosphora | Shadow the Hedgehog | Skull Kid | Starman | Waluigi | Wily Capsule

Bulborbs | Carmilla | Death | Goombas | Kamek | Kritters | Nabbit | Shy Guys | Waddle Dees

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.