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Princess Iron Fan (in Chinese: 鐵扇公主), also known as Raksasi (in Chinese: 羅剎女), is one of the major antagonists of the 16th-century Chinese novel Journey to the West by the late Wu Cheng'en. The wife of the Bull King as well as the mother of the Red Boy, Princess Iron Fan is one of the most popular Journey to the West villains.

Personality

Unlike the majority of the other antagonists in Journey to the West, Princess Iron Fan is neither an evil demon nor a malevolent monster with a taste for human flesh. In fact, she was an Immortal who had attained the Way. When she was first introduced in the novel, she was revealed to be a person who knew how to take advantage of a situation, in exchange for her annually extinguishing the Fiery Mountains so crops could be sown and reaped, the residents who lived near those mountains had to personally present her with offerings of food and wine once every ten years. Besides this, she was never shown or known to have hurt innocent people.

However, Princess Iron Fan also had a tendency to hold long, passionate grudges - she loathed Sun Wukong for how her son, the Red Boy, was subdued into becoming one of the Bodhisattva Guanyin's attendants, for she had not seen him since that incident. Hence, she repeatedly refused to lend Wukong her fan (which he needed to put out the Fiery Mountains), and even went as far as to giving him a fake one.

She is genuinely cares about his family, and while clearly jealous, she's never been shown to be envious towards the Jade Face Princess, despite the fact that the latter was the cause of her husband divorced with her. In the end, Princess also shown remorse upon seeing her husband being subdued by the deities, and even learned and successfully achieve her redemption later on.

Biography

Past

Not much is known about Princess Iron Fan's past, except for she once married to the Bull King and gave birth to the Red Boy. At some point, she possessed the magical Iron Fan, and used it to remove the fire on the Flame Mountain, though since she only fanned once each time, it would only able to be removed for a year, before the fire startes again. Using this advantage, the Princess made the residents near there revered her as their goddess, and they would have to give her some food if they want her to solve their problem about the Flame Mountain. The Bull King then divorced with her in favor of the Jade Face Princess (a demonic fox) and the latter's wealth.

Journey to the West

Princess Iron Fan in the classic 1986 adaptation series.

When Xuanzang's group arrived at the Flame Mountain, Sun Wukong wanted to borrow her fan in order to remove the fire, but she turns him down as the monkey has been on bad terms with her son, the Red Boy before. After a little argument, Princess Iron Fan fanned Wukong to the Lingji Bodhisattva's mountain, however the latter gave Wukong a magical item to against the wind caused by the fan.

Wukong later returned to Princess Iron Fan's cave, and managed to go into her stomach, kicked and punched her guts from the inside, forced her to gave the fan. Unknown to Wukong however, it's actually a fake fan. After discovering this and barely escaping from the fire, he disguised as her former husband, tricked her to give him the real fan. Unfortunately, the real Bull King, angered upon learning this, quickly chased Wukong, disguised as Zhu Bajie, managed to trick Wukong and took back the fan, led to Wukong and the real Bajie to fight him.

Despite Sun Wukong and the Bull King seems to be equal in the fight at first, with the help of the deities, Wukong managed to defeat the Bull King. To save her former husband's life, Princess Iron Fan forcibly gave Wukong the real Iron Fan, and revealed to him that the fire can be removed permanently if he fanned 49 times. After everything was resolved, Wukong gave her back the fan. From that onwards, Princess Iron Fan learned to redeem herself, and eventually succeeded.

Powers and Abilities

  • Iron Fan: Princess Iron Fan possesses the Iron Fan, which can fan a regular person to 84,000 miles away. Even Wukong himself, who was powerful, was still fanned to 50,000 miles away.
  • Hand-to-hand combat prowess: Princess Iron Fan has quite good hand-to-hand combat skills, and is armed with a sword.

Gallery

Navigation

           Journey to the West Villains

Azure Lion Demon | Baigujing | Black Wind Demon | Bull King (Doraemon, The Monkey King, LEGO Monkey Kid) | Golden and Silver Horned Kings | Golden Cicada | Golden Winged Great Peng | Grand Saint of Nine Spirits | Hun Dun the Demon King | King of Spiritual Touch | King of the Southern Hill | Kings of Cold, Heat and Dust Protection | Lady Earth Flow (2011) | Liu Hong | Nine Headed Bug | Princess Iron Fan (Queen Iron Fan) | Red Boy (Linlei) | Ruler of the Kingdom of Miefa | Sai Tai Sui | Scorpion Demoness | Sha Wujing | Single Horned Rhinoceros King | Six Eared Macaque | Sun Wukong (Conquering the Demons) | Tawny Lion Demon | The Butler of the Kou family | Tuolong | Wansheng Dragon King | Yellow Robe Demon | Yellow Toothed Elephant Demon | Yellow Wind Demon | Zhu Bajie

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