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We'll teach just those whose ancestry's purest.
~ Slytherin's opinion regarding the running of Hogwarts.

Salazar Slytherin is the posthumous Bigger Bad of the Harry Potter book and film franchise. He is one of the four founders of Hogwarts who founded the House of Slytherin and the ancestor of Lord Voldemort. Estranged from his fellow founders, Slytherin's goal was to purge Hogwarts from all Muggle-borns to keep the blood purity from Pure-blood wizards intact, directly influencing all the actions of Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters hundreds of years later.

History

Salazar Slytherin was one of the first recorded parselmouths (wizards that have the extremely rare ability to speak to snakes). When he founded Hogwarts with the other three founders, he chose students that show traits of resourcefulness, leadership, ambition, cunning, shrewdness and determination.

Salazar Slytherin wanted to be more selective of the students admitted to Hogwarts. He believed that the school should only accept pure blood witches and wizards, as he distrusted Muggle-borns, possibly of the great conflict between Wizardkind and Muggles. He tried to sway the other founders to agree with him but they refused, especially Godric Gryffindor. This caused Salazar Slytherin's friendship with Godric Gryffindor to break and resulted in him leaving the school. Before leaving, Slythering built a hidden room within the castle where he placed a Basilisk egg without the knowledge of the other founders.

Slytherin planned to have his "heir" eventually find that hidden room and unleash the Basilisk in order to kill all Muggle-born students in Hogwarts. This secret room came to be known as "The Chamber of Secrets" after the other founders heard rumors of it's existence but were unable to find it.

Future Hogwarts headmasters conducted multiple attempts to find Slytherin's chamber of secrets but all proved to be futile, leading the chamber to be dismissed as a mere myth. As time passed and the castle was expanded, the chamber was flodded by the addition of plumbering systems while a girl's bathroom was built over the original secret entrance, making said bathroom the new entrance.

It is unknown when or how he died, but it is known that his portrait is still at Hogwarts and his locket was made into a horcrux by Voldemort.

Many Harry Potter fans consider Salazar Slytherin to be a Dark Wizard because he wanted to purge Hogwarts of all the Muggle borns and because he is a parselmouth. Another reason could be that many Dark Wizards and Witches came from the house of Slytherin. Even though the author J.K. Rowling has not stated whether Salazar Slytherin is evil or not many of her fans believe that he is.

Slytherin's bloodline was passed down through the female line for generations. The Gaunt family, who practised inbreeding by marrying their own cousins, in order to keep their bloodline pure and their ability to speak Parseltounge, were the last known family to possess Salazar Slytherins blood. Among the last of the Gaunt's included Marvolo Gaunt and his two children Morfin and Merope. Merope fell in love with a Muggle named Tom Riddle and eloped with him, while her father and brother were in Azkaban. Eventually Tom and Merope's marriage resulted in the birth of Tom Marvolo Riddle, later known as Lord Voldemort.

Riddle discovered that he was the heir of Slytherin during his time as a Hogwarts student, as such he found the chamber of secrets and initially followed Slytherin's plan, however after the Basilisk killed Myrtle Warren the school was threatened to be shut down, as such Riddle was forced to stop accessing the chamber and instead led one of his Horcruxes behind so that he could continue using the Basilisk through someone else in the future.

After Voldemort's death, everyone thought that Slytherin's bloodline had ended. More than 20 years after Voldemort's death, it's revealed that Voldemort had a daughter with Bellatrix Lestrange, her name was Delphini. As of 2020, Delphini is the last known survivor of the Slytherin bloodline.

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Salazar Slytherin

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