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But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both young and old, all the people from every quarter. And they called unto Lot, and said unto him: 'Where are the men that came in to thee this night? Bring them out unto us, that we may have intercourse with them'.
~ The Sodomites requesting that Lot hand over to them the Angels of the Lord to be raped.
The Sodomites, also called the Kingdom of Sodom, were major antagonists in the traditional beliefs of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. They were the inhabitants of the city of Sodom, and did evil in the eyes of God, notoriously practicing acts of sexual depravity upon one another, and organizing the mass rapes of visitors to their city. They were allied with the Gomorrahites, the inhabitants of the city of Gomorrah, who behaved in a similar manner.
In later years, the word sodomite would become associated with homosexuality due to the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah performing homosexual acts upon one another during their orgies. This infamous fact has lead to the misconception that Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed simply because their inhabitants practiced homosexuality which, while suggested in Islamic scripture, is explicitly untrue in Christian and Jewish theology, as the two cities were in fact destroyed after the inhabitants of Sodom banded together in an attempt to rape the Angels of the Lord.
The verb sodomize also comes from the story of the Sodomites, as does the slang word sod.
During Lot's journey through the land of Israel, he camped within the borders of Sodom at a time when "the men of Sodom were wicked and sinned before the Lord exceedingly", finding that Sodom, Gomorrah and the surrounding lands had been subjacated by Chedorlaomer, the King of Elam. In the thirteenth year, the kings of the surrounding kingdoms, lead by Bera and Birsha, the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, plotted to overthrow Elam and establish their own kingdoms. However, they lost and Bera and Birsha were killed trying to flee. Afterwards, Sodom and Gomorrah were sacked and plundered by Chedorlaomer, who took several captives, including Lot. As a result, Lot's uncle Abraham launched an assault on Chedorlaomer's company in what was known as the Battle of Siddim and killed him, liberating Sodom and Gomorrah. Lot then settled in Sodom.
Judgement of Sodom and Gomorrah
After Lot settled in Sodom, he found that common practices in Sodom and Gomorrah were to hold mass orgies during which inhabitants of the cities would rape each other and perform acts of depravity and sexual deviancy (including homosexual acts). God sent down two angels to judge Sodom and Gomorrah. Visiting Sodom, the Angels of the Lord stayed with Lot and his family, and the house was surrounded by the Sodomites, who demanded that Lot send the Angels of the Lord out so that they could rape them. Lot refused, and offered to send out his daughters instead, but they refused, threatening to sodomize Lot if he did not give the Angels up. Fortunately, just when the Sodomites were about to attack the house and rape all inside, they revealed their nature and struck all the men of Sodom blind, allowing them to escape after informing Lot of God's intention to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah.
After this news, Lot and his family left Sodom, having been warned by God that if they looked back as they left, they would become a pillar of salt, a fate which befell Lot's wife. God then sent down heavenly fire which destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.